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Cargo Of Believers

Posted Thursday, June 16, 2011, at 10:38 AM

B-17 Flying Fortress - The All American
Read to the end and decide...

A mid-air collision on February 1, 1943 between a B-17 and a German fighter over the Tunis dock area became the subject of one of the most famous photographs of World War II. An enemy fighter attacking a 97th Bomb Group formation went out of control, probably with a wounded pilot then continued its crashing descent into the rear of the fuselage of a Fortress named All American, piloted by Lt. Kendrick R. Bragg, of the 414th Bomb Squadron. When it struck, the fighter broke apart, but left some pieces in the B-17. The left horizontal stabilizer of the Fortress and left elevator were completely torn away.

The two right engines were out and one on the left had a serious oil pump leak. The vertical fin and the rudder had been damaged, the fuselage had been cut almost completely through -- connected only at two small parts of the frame and the radios, electrical and oxygen systems were damaged. There was also a hole in the top that was over 16 feet long and 4 feet wide at its widest and the split in the fuselage went all the way to the top gunner' s turret. Although the tail actually bounced and swayed in the wind and twisted when the plane turned and all the control cables were severed , except one single elevator cable still worked, and the aircraft still flew-miraculously!

The tail gunner was trapped because there was no floor connecting the tail to the rest of the plane. The waist and tail gunners used parts of the German fighter and their own parachute harnesses in an attempt to keep the tail from ripping off and the two sides of the fuselage from splitting apart. While the crew was trying to keep the bomber from coming apart, the pilot continued on his bomb run and released his bombs over the target.

When the Bombay doors were opened, the wind turbulence was so great that it blew one of the waist gunners into the broken tail section. It took several minutes and four crew members to pass him ropes from parachutes and haul him back into the forward part of the plane. When they tried to do the same for the tail gunner, the tail began flapping so hard that it began to break off. The weight of the gunner was adding some stability to the tail section, so he went back to his position.

The turn back toward England had to be very slow to keep the tail from twisting off. They actually covered almost 70 miles to make the turn home. The bomber was so badly damaged that it was losing altitude and speed and was soon alone in the sky. For a brief time, two more Me109 German fighters attacked the All American. Despite the extensive damage, all of the machine gunners were able to respond to these attacks and soon drove off the fighters. The two waist gunners stood up with their heads sticking out through the hole in the top of the fuselage to aim and fire their machine guns. The tail gunner had to shoot in short bursts because the recoil was actually causing the plane to turn.

Allied P51 fighters intercepted the All American as it crossed over the Channel and took one of the pictures shown above. They also radioed to the base describing the empennage was "waving like a fish tail" and that the plane would not make it and to send out boats to rescue the crew when they bailed out. The fighters stayed with the Fortress taking hand signals from the Lt. Bragg and relaying them to the base. Lt. Bragg signaled that 5 parachutes and the spare had been "used" so five of the crew could not bail out.

He made the decision that if they could not bail out safely, then he would stay with the plane and land it. Two and a half hours after being hit, the aircraft made its final turn to line up with the runway while it was still over 40 miles away. It descended into an emergency landing and a normal roll-out on its landing gear. When the ambulance pulled alongside, it was waved off because not a single member of the crew had been injured.

No one could believe that the aircraft could still fly in such a condition. The Fortress sat placidly until the crew all exited through the door in the fuselage and the tail gunner had climbed down a ladder, at which time the entire rear section of the aircraft collapsed onto the ground. The rugged old bird had done its job.

Some story... I think those guys were lifted up up by God's own hand that day. Have a great weekend everyone!

Showing comments in chronological order
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thanks Brian, have seen it before but still think its a great post. IMHO, I believe the B-17 Flying Fortress and, for the jet age, the B-52 StratoFortress are two of the finest aircraft ever built. I am referring to bomber aircraft; fighter aircraft is another story.

-- Posted by doodle bug on Thu, Jun 16, 2011, at 1:47 PM

Hard to argue with your choices DB... The B-52 is only 6 months younger than me now, and in this age of replace everything, the lasting power of the Stratofortress is unmatched by any military aircraft as far as I know. The US Air Force has the B-52 scheduled to remain in service through AT LEAST 2040... 85 years after the first one rolled out the assembly plant doors.

The B-17 Flying Fortress... legendary survivalist!

This web site has some photos of damaged "Forts" that made it back somehow... http://www.daveswarbirds.com/b-17/conten...

-- Posted by Brian Hoag on Thu, Jun 16, 2011, at 2:42 PM

Brian, I am setting here smiling ear to ear, right now. When I was posting my poem about WW-ll, I had planned on posting that photo as the Avatar, but my echo-chamber told me to use the B-25, as the B-17 would be used later...(^8, and you did, very well. As a child of the era, I loved all the aircraft, but especially the Bombers.


-- Posted by Navyblue on Thu, Jun 16, 2011, at 7:41 PM

Brian, thanks for the link. Awesome pix. After looking at the pix, easy to see why the B-17 had the reputation of bringing men home.

-- Posted by doodle bug on Fri, Jun 17, 2011, at 8:34 AM

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